State-Religion Governance Indicators

The GREASE project has developed a set of socio-political indicators for assessing how religious diversity is governed in different parts of the world. These Indicators (metrics) can be applied using the GREASE Toolkit. We have used the Toolkit to produce the 24 country assessments below.

Jump to Toolkit
Jump to Visualization
Jump to Country Assessments

The GREASE indicators relate to four key vectors:

  1. Degree of political secularism
  2. Governance of religious diversity
  3. Level of (violent) religious radicalisation  
  4. Efforts to address such radicalisation


The GREASE Indicators Toolkit is a practical instrument for assessing state-religion relations, governance of religious diversity and violent radicalisation. It is designed for use by experts in producing country-level assessments. The aim is to enable policymakers, scholars and civil society to monitor developments and trends.

Applied properly, the GREASE Toolkit allows users to transform complex data and academic knowledge into a logically structured informative report. It was created with diverse national contexts in mind, drawing on the experience of GREASE’s international team of scholars. Conceived as a long-term monitoring instrument, the GREASE Toolkit is intended to be applied at five-year intervals.

The Country Assessments featured on the GREASE project website (below) were generated using the GREASE Indicators Toolkit.

Essential information about what is measured by the GREASE Indicators Toolkit and how is found in the GREASE Indicators Metrics Brief.
Expert acquaintance with the subject matter described in the Metrics Brief is required to conduct any assessment using the Toolkit. Our Toolkit and Metrics Brief should be downloaded together and regarded as a single package.

Data Visualization

The GREASE project indicators can be accessed through a map-based visualization interface. The interface has two main functions: (1) illustrating country assessment results and (2) simplifying access to country data using basic digital tools (hovering and clicking).

Two Ways To Access GREASE Indicators Visualization

Option 1: Simply click on the link above (also here) using a standard web browser.
Option 2: First download and install the free software application Tableau Reader. Then, using your web browser, open this page and click “Download” at the top right. That should enable you to open the file with your preinstalled Tableau Reader for navigating the indicators offline (faster data flow).

Country Assessments

Using the GREASE Indicators Toolkit we have assessed all 23 countries covered by our project. These countries represent
four macro-regions within Europe:
Western Europe (Belgium, France, Germany, the UK); Southern Europe (Greece, Italy, Spain); Central Eastern Europe (Hungary, Lithuania, Slovakia); Southeastern Europe (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria);
and four regions outside the EU:
Eurasia (Russia); the MENA region (Lebanon, Turkey, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia); South and Southeast Asia (India, Indonesia, Malaysia); and the Asia-Pacific region (Australia).

The GREASE Toolkit has also been used by researchers at Ryerson University in Toronto to produce a Country Assessment for Canada. That assessment is included below.

Most of the country assessments presented here (in pdf form) are accompanied by the corresponding indicators worksheets (Excel files) noting details factored into assessment results.

Country Assessments
(In alphabetical order)




Bosnia & Herzegovina




















The United Kingdom