Radicalisation and Resilience Case Studies

In-depth reports on how different countries combat religious radicalisation and violence.

Prepared by our regional partners, these reports critically assess efforts by 12 countries to counter religious radicalisation and violence and to build resilience. Each case study begins with background on religious diversity and governance in the given country. This background includes observations about drivers of religiously-inspired radicalisation. Next is a section on state and non-state approaches to countering violent extremism, illustrated by one or more examples. Finally, each report concludes with suggestions for good practice, some offering concrete recommendations.

The selected countries share in common the challenge of violent religious radicalisation among their native, migrant or post-migrant Muslim populations. While the radicalisation processes may differ in origin and form, all are linked to a geopolitical and symbolic confrontation between ‘the West’ and ‘Islam’.

Resilience Handbook – The good practices identified in our Case Studies form the basis for our International Handbook of Good Practices for Building Resilience Against Violent Religious Radicalisation

12 Countries, 4 Clusters

Our case-study countries can be divided into four groups:

Countries in ‘the West’ where radicalisation has been inscribed in a post-9/11 context

Countries where challenges arose out of ethno-national separatist struggles that were interpreted to some degree through a religious key

MENA countries where radicalisation is driven by internal socio-economic and political claims that also interact with an international register of ‘the West’ versus ‘Islam’

Countries in South Asia and Southeast Asia where religious diversity governance (based on a deep respect for religion) faces both radicalisation currents inscribed in the global context of ‘the West’ vs ‘Islam’ but also state radicalisation against minorities (non-Muslims and religious sects in Indonesia and Malaysia)

The Case Studies (alphabetical)



Bosnia and Herzegovina









The United Kingdom